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What is VisualForce: A Beginners Guide

Visualforce is a framework for building custom user interfaces for Salesforce, a popular customer relationship management (CRM) platform.

It allows developers to create and customize pages to extend the platform's functionality and create unique user experiences.

Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about Visualforce.

What is VisualForce?

Visualforce is a component-based framework to build custom user interfaces for Salesforce applications. Developers can create dynamic, interactive pages that interact with and display Salesforce data.

It combines Visualforce components with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The components are similar to HTML tags and provide a way to display data, perform actions, and control page layout.

You can combine Visualforce components in many different ways to create custom pages that meet Salesforce's specific requirements.

What is the Difference Between Salesforce and Visualforce?

Salesforce is a customer relationship management (CRM) platform that helps businesses manage customer data and interactions.

Visualforce is a framework within the Salesforce platform that allows developers to build custom user interfaces using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

In short, Salesforce is a platform, while Visualforce is a tool within the platform used to build custom pages.

What is a Visualforce Page?

A Visualforce page is a custom user interface built using the Visualforce framework in Salesforce. It is a web page that can interact with and display data stored within Salesforce.

Visualforce pages offer customization to meet specific requirements and include various elements such as buttons, forms, data tables, and charts.

You can access the Visualforce page from a web browser or a mobile device and are subject to the same security and authentication rules as other pages in Salesforce.

Visualforce pages can enhance the overall user experience, improve data management, and provide a flexible and secure way to build custom pages for Salesforce applications.

What are VisualForce Controllers?

A Visualforce Controller is a class in Apex, the programming language used in Salesforce that provides the logic and processing for a Visualforce page. It handles user interactions with the page, manages data input and output, and performs necessary calculations or processing.

A Visualforce page can have one or more associated controllers, each with its methods and variables. Controllers can perform a wide range of tasks, such as:

  • Retrieving data from Salesforce records and populating the page with that data

  • Validating user input and handling form submissions

  • Executing business logic and processing data

  • Redirecting users to other pages based on the outcome of processing

  • Setting variables that control the display of the page

Visualforce controllers provide a way to extend a Visualforce page's functionality and add custom logic to a page. They are an integral part of the Visualforce framework and can be used to build complex and sophisticated pages for Salesforce applications.

Features of VisualForce

Visualforce provides a range of features that make it a powerful tool for building custom pages and enhancing the overall user experience in Salesforce. Here are some of the key features of Visualforce:

Component Library

Visualforce provides a large library of pre-built components to create common UI elements, such as buttons, input fields, and data tables. These components are similar to HTML tags and provide a way to display data, perform actions, and control page layout.


Visualforce allows developers to create custom pages tailored to a Salesforce application's specific needs. Users can interact with custom pages familiarly while taking advantage of Salesforce's underlying functionality.

Data Management

Visualforce provides several tools for working with data, including performing database

queries and retrieving data from Salesforce records. Hence making it easy to manage data within Salesforce and display it in a way that is meaningful to users.


Visualforce provides a secure framework for building custom pages. Pages built with Visualforce are subject to the same security model as other pages in Salesforce.


Visualforce provides a way to customize the look and feel of custom pages. Developers can use CSS and JavaScript to control the appearance and behavior of custom pages and create custom themes that give pages a consistent look and feel.

Mobile Support

Visualforce provides support for building mobile-friendly custom pages. Pages built with Visualforce can be optimized for mobile devices and accessed from any device that supports the Salesforce mobile app.


Visualforce integrates seamlessly with other Salesforce features and components, making it easy to create custom pages that interact with other parts of the Salesforce platform.

What can You Create with VisualForce?

With Visualforce, you can create pages for Salesforce applications in a variety of ways, including:

  1. Data Entry Forms: Visualforce allows the creation of custom data entry forms with fields and validation rules defined by the developer.

  2. Data Tables: Visualforce allows developers to display data in a tabular format, complete with sorting, filtering, and pagination.

  3. Charts and Graphs: Visualforce supports creating dynamic charts and graphs to visualize data stored in Salesforce.

  4. Dashboards: Visualforce can be used to build custom dashboards, displaying data and information in an interactive and visually appealing way.

  5. Mobile Pages: Visualforce supports creating pages optimized for mobile devices, making it possible to access Salesforce data from anywhere at any time.

  6. Custom Workflows: Visualforce can create custom workflows and approval processes, automate business processes, and streamline data management.

  7. Customer-facing Pages: Visualforce can create custom pages for customers, partners, and other stakeholders, providing a personalized and engaging user experience.

Visualforce provides a flexible and powerful framework for creating custom pages for Salesforce applications. Its wide range of capabilities makes it a great tool for enhancing the overall user experience.


To sum up, Visualforce is a powerful tool for creating custom user interfaces for Salesforce applications. Whether you are a seasoned Salesforce developer or just getting started, Visualforce provides a flexible and robust framework for building custom pages that meet the specific needs of your application.

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